2 showing a brooding ill humor; "a dark scowl"; "the proverbially dour New England Puritan"; "a glum, hopeless shrug"; "he sat in moody silence"; "a morose and unsociable manner"; "a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven; "a sour temper"; "a sullen crowd" [syn: dark, dour, glowering, moody, morose, saturnine, sour, sullen] [also: glummest, glummer]
- Rhymes: -ʌm
Divided between the Æsir and the Vanir, and sometimes including the jötnar (giants), the dividing line between these groups is less than clear. However, it is usually accepted that the Æsir (including Óðinn, Þórr and Týr) were warrior gods, while the Vanir (mainly Njörðr, Freyja and Freyr) were fertility gods. Various other groups of beings, including elves, dwarves and jötnar were probably minor gods, and might have had small cults and sacred places devoted to them.
The gods and their function
- Baldr - God of radiance, peace, rebirth, and justice. Consort: Nanna
- Borr - Father of Óðinn, Vili and Ve. Consort: Bestla
- Bragi - God of poetry. Consort: Iðunn
- Búri - The first god and father of Borr.
- Dagr - God of the daytime, son of Delling and Nótt.
- Delling - God of dawn and father of Dagr by Nótt.
- Eir - Goddess of healing.
- Forseti - God of justice, peace and truth. Son of Baldr and Nanna.
- Freyja (Freya) - Goddess of fertility, wealth, love, beauty, magic, prophecy, war, battle, and death. Consort: Óðr
- Frey - God of the masculine virility. Consort: Gerð
- Frigg - Goddess of marriage and motherhood. Consort: Óðinn
- Fulla - Frigg´s handmaid.
- Gefjun - Goddess of fertility and plough.
- Hel - Queen of Hel, the Norse underworld.
- Heimdall (Rígr) - One of the Æsir and guardian of Ásgarð, their realm.
- Hermóðr - Óðinn's son.
- Hlín - Goddess of consolation.
- Höðr - God of winter.
- Hœnir - The silent god.
- Iðunn - Goddess of youth. Consort: Bragi.
- Jörð - Goddess of the Earth. Mother of Þórr by Óðinn.
- Kvasir - God of inspiration.
- Lofn - Goddess of love.
- Loki - Trickster and god of mischief, strife and fire. Consort: Sigyn (also called Saeter)
- Máni - God of Moon.
- Mímir - Óðinn´s uncle.
- Nanna - An Ásynja married with Baldr and mother to Forseti.
- Nerþus - A goddess mentioned by Tacitus. Her name is connected to that of Njörðr.
- Njörðr - God of sea, wind, fish, and wealth.
- Norns - The three goddesses of destiny; Urd(Fate), Skuld(Being, or Future), Verdandi(Necessity, or Present).
- Nótt - Goddess of night, daughter of Narvi and mother of Auð, Jörð and Dagr by Naglfari, Annar and Delling, respectively.
- Óðinn (Wodan) - Lord of the Æsir. God of both wisdom and war. Consort: Frigg.
- Rynkar- God of Time
- Sága - An obscure goddess, possibly another name for Frigg.
- Sif - Wife of Thor.
- Sjöfn - Goddess of love.
- Skaði - Goddess of winter Njörðr's ex-wife.
- Skirnir- Frey's shield man.
- Skuld - (Being or Future) one of the three goddesses of fate called Norns who foresee at the base Yggdrasill(The World Tree).
- Snotra - Goddess of prudence.
- Sól (Sunna) - Goddess of Sun.
- Thor (Donar) - God of thunder and battle. Consort: Sif.
- Týr (Ziu, Saxnōt) - God of war and warriors.
- Ullr - God of skill, hunt, and duel. Son of Sif.
- Urd - (Fate) one of the three goddesses of fate called Norns who foresee at the base Yggdrasill(The World Tree).
- Váli - God of revenge.
- Vár - Goddess of contract.
- Vé - One of the three gods of creation. Brother of Óðinn and Vili.
- Verdandi - (Present, or Necessity) one of the three goddesses of fate called Norns who foresee at the base Yggdrasill(The World Tree).
- Víðarr- Son of Odin and the giantess Gríðr.
- Vili - One of the three gods of creation. Brother of Óðinn and Vé.
- Vör - Goddess of wisdom.
- Ægir - Ruler of the sea. Consort: Rán
- Andhrímnir - Cook of the gods.
- Aurvandil - A minor character in the Skáldskaparmál with cognates in other Germanic tales.
- Elli - Personification of old age.
- Fenrir- Son of Loki and the giantess Angrboða. Destined to grow too large for his bonds and devour Odin during the course of Ragnarök.
- Magni - Son of Þórr and Járnsaxa.
- Meili - Þórr's brother.
- Móði - Son of Þórr.
- Rán - Keeper of the drowned. Consort: Ægir
- Þrúðr - Daughter of Þórr and Sif.
Lists of Norse gods and goddesses contained in the Prose Edda
Pseudo-Norse gods and goddesses
Some characters sometimes presented as Norse deities do not occur in the ancient sources.
The following pseudo-deities are presented in Encyclopedia Mythica as Norse.
- Brono (Claimed to be the god of daylight and the son of Baldr. Original source unknown. Might be confused with Dagr or Forseti.)
- Geirrendour (Claimed to be the father of the billow maidens. Original source unknown. Might be confused with Ægir.)
- Glúm (Claimed to be an attendant of Frigg. Source unknown.)
- Laga (Claimed to be the goddess of wells and springs. May be the same as Laha, a Celtic goddess of wells and springs.'')
glum in Catalan: Llista dels déus germànics
glum in Czech: Seznam severských bohů
glum in Lithuanian: Skandinavų dievai
glum in Polish: Bogowie nordyccy
glum in Portuguese: Panteão nórdico
glum in Romanian: Listă de divinităţi în mitologia nordică
glum in Slovenian: Seznam nordijskih bogov
glum in Serbian: Списак нордијских богова
beetle-browed, black, black-browed, brooding, broody, chapfallen, close-lipped, crabbed, crestfallen, dark, dejected, depressed, dismal, dispirited, doleful, dour, down, dumpish, frowning, gloomy, glowering, grim, grum, long-faced, low, lowering, lugubrious, melancholy, moodish, moody, mopey, moping, mopish, morose, mumpish, oppressed, pessimistic, sad, saturnine, scowling, silent, sour, sulky, sullen, surly, taciturn, tight-lipped, woebegone